By Manfred Mueller, RSHom(NA), CCH
The tautopathic method in homeopathy is one that London coined the term “tautopathy.”1 Everitt was a Trustee
I have seen great benefit from in my own practice. of the Royal London Homeopathic Hospital who reportedly When used as a pretreatment, it can be very effec- donated “boxed homeopathic remedies to every graduate of tive in removing obstacles that would otherwise the Missionary School of Medicine.” He also contributed keep well indicated remedies from working, or even prevent to homeopathic provings, including in the elder Sankaran’s aggravations from occurring. I have seen this method render provings of Atrax robustus and Hydrophys cyanocincta. Everitt patients deemed “incurable” by other homeopaths be cured was a passionate supporter of homeopathy until he and six- by pretreatment with tautopathic prescribing. In fact, in some teen homeopathic physicians died tragically in the 1972 Tri- cases, I have witnessed miraculous healings where no conven- dent air disaster.2 tional homeopathic remedy was ever prescribed because the patient had been suffering from an iatrogenically induced dis- Yasgur defines tautopathy as a form of isotherapy, pri- order and the most similar remedy was in fact the tautopathic marily reserved for treating the effect of conventional drugs.3 Another form of isotherapy is isopathy. Isopathy has been around for centuries: it is the practice of employing a product I and others have, in the modern homeopathic era, spo- of a disease for the prevention or cure of that same disease. Va- ken out in favor of using this method as another tool in the riolation was such a practice – a pre-Jennerian method of in- homeopathic toolbox. However, I have noticed that within oculation with pus from a smallpox eruption against a future our own community there is a vast difference in opinion on smallpox outbreak. It was practiced in Europe and dates back the subject bordering almost on a rift. During my earliest to ceremonial use by the Druids and Hindu priests.4 Vacci- ponderings on the possible use of the tautopathic method in nation for smallpox, on the other hand, was originally done the mid-eighties, I searched as much of the literature as I had with cowpox, a similar disease. While Hahnemann appears access to. However, given my current observations on the re- to have supported Jenner’s vaccination as a sort of crude ho- actions to this method, I felt it was warranted to do a more meopathy, where a weak similar disease was used to prevent a thorough review and documentation of this topic for presen- stronger disease, he did not condone the use of crude isopathy tation to the homeopathic community at large. In fact, I have such as variolation. However, some homeopaths like Hering found that the controversy on this subject is nothing new. I introduced the idea of using potentized disease matter for the hope you will find the results both useful and of interest.
prevention and treatment of infectious diseases.
The term tautopathy was introduced into homeopathy to One of my observations both in the literature and from distinguish it from isopathy. The word isopathy is commonly conversations with modern homeopaths, is that there exists used for the prevention and treatment of infectious diseases some confusion with regards to the definition of certain ter- with a product of that disease. In the homeopathic context, minology. With this in mind, I present the following clarifica- isopathy is “treatment with a potentized product, discharge or a microbe derived from a disease.” In other words, isopathy is the use of a nosode. The term nosode derives from the Greek P. Sankaran informed us that Mr Dudley Wooton Ever- word νόϭος (nosos) = disease or sickness.
itt, the late director of Nelsons Homeopathic Pharmacy in t h e american homeopath n 2011 17
Tautopathy usually refers to treatment of an artificial If a homeopathic physician prescribes on the totality of disorder with a micro-dose or potency of the drug or toxic symptoms without considering the symptoms or bad effects of agent that caused that disorder. I have coined the term “phar- drug diseases of previous medication, he is going to fail, no macode” for a homeopathic potency of such an agent, from the Greek word φαρμακόν (pharmakon) = drug or poison, to distinguish these remedies from nosodes. The term isopathy is Patel noticed that not only could he remove the symp- also used for both isopathy and tautopathy and the term isode toms of the drugs with the tautopathic method, which would make it easier to find an indicated homeopathic remedy, but Isopathy derives from the Greek word ισοσ (isos), mean- ing equal or same, which was generally used in the sense of no need of prescribing any other homoeopathic drug as in “equal amounts” and is therefore a misnomer. The term tau- such cases patients recover completely if he is under the influ- topathy derives from the Greek word ταυτόν (tauton) = same, selfsame, in the sense of “identical.” Tautopathy is defined by the Oxford Unabridged English Dictionary as “suffering caused He used the tautopathic remedies as intercurrent rem- by the same thing that was habitually used previously.”5 edies during constitutional treatment as well as during treat- ment of acute and chronic ailments. He used them in lower For the purposes of this paper I am using the term tau- potencies than constitutional remedies, as a rule the 30c. He topathy for “treatment of a disorder with a potency/lower observed that you could even repeat the pharmacodes in the dose of a harmful agent that apparently caused that disorder.” lower potencies without disturbing the action of the constitu- Hahnemann differentiated between the absolute ac- tion of drugs versus the limited effects of infectious diseases.6 Patel discovered the method after he recognized the These drug agents produce disease at all times, in every indi- symptoms of Chloromycetin in a patient who had been over- vidual if given in sufficient dose, whereas infectious diseases dosed with that drug. Based on the symptoms, he prescribed generally only affect some susceptible persons. Tautopathy Bryonia alba 30c but without effect. He then tried Nux vomica uses potentized remedies made from causative agents that are 30c, as it is the most cited antidote for drug reactions, but also of such absolute nature, such as allopathic drugs, chemical without result. Chloromycetin 30c was given every six hours poisons, animal and plant poisons, radiation, and electricity. and over the next five days the symptoms subsided.19 Additional special areas where tautopathy appears to be use- ful are with (a) allergic reactions and (b) adverse spontaneous Patel was not the only one to comment on the fact that proving reactions during homeopathic treatment in sensitive drugs can become “the obstacle to cure” and as such, need to be antidoted with a potency of that drug.
Undoubtedly, tautopathy is a complex topic. While I Donald M. Foubister reported similar experiences: have commented on this method throughout this paper, it does not contain a full and detailed discussion of the method, A man of forty-five who had suffered from very severe at- which hopefully will be the subject of a future paper.
tacks of asthma for ten years responded to some extent to consti- tutional treatment. He had been born under chloroform an- Review of the Classical Literature
esthesia, and his mother had been greatly upset by the anesthe- In a 1960 booklet, the noted Indian homeopathic physi- sia. Natrum sulphuricum and Lachesis, both liver remedies, cian Dr Ramanlal Patel summarized his own rationale for the had seemed to help him. He was given Chloroformum 30c, and later 200c, and he has been practically free from asthma … to remove some ‘“obstacles to recovery in each case’” which are coming up in the way of homeopathy in the modern Like Patel, Foubister made the observation that a consti- “wonder drugs’”era. Tautopathy cannot cure all types of drug tutional remedy would sometimes not act, even though well- diseases, but it can help to cure many and varied cases.7 indicated, until the obstacle to cure caused by the influence of Patel pointed out that many homeopaths failed to recog- nize that some of their patient’s symptoms are actually drug A woman of twenty complained of bouts of colicky epi- side effects, including effects of previous medications that had gastric pains which began at the age of eight. The attacks had become much more frequent and more severe during the previ- ous year. Investigations were all negative. Colocynthis 3x was found to be an effective remedy in relieving the pains, but de- 18 the american homeopath n 2011
spite careful constitutional treatment the number of attacks, Some years ago I treated a child suffering from an almost about one in two weeks, was not reduced. There was a strong purely allergic type of asthma. The attacks occurred about once family history of cancer and four siblings had been helped by a week on an average. The first attack had been apparently Carcinosinum. Carcinosinum adenostum 30c was given, but caused by inhaling sulphur fumes. In this case the constitu- without apparent effect. She was the only one of the family tional remedy was Sulphur, which was given in the 30th, later born under chloroform anesthesia and on this fact, together the 200th, potency at long intervals, repeating when there was with symptoms of liver dysfunction, Chloroformum 30c was a relapse. The child was completely cured.14 tried. The attacks cleared for three months and then returned, treatment of an artificial timetres in diameter, widely not returned six years later. Many cases of this kind have been reported in the homeopathic literature in respect of a wide Constitutional homoeopathic treatment consists mainly of prescribing on the psychosomatic make-up of the patient and on the past history. The patient is viewed against a background Sometimes the child may be affected by drugs taken by the of a theoretical average person of the same age, sex and social mother. In another case previously recorded, a boy of 14 years environment, and the salient mental and physical characteris- of age was said by his teachers to be intelligent but somehow tics are noted and matched by a remedy having a similar drug “could not use his brain.” His mother had been taking pethi- picture. One or more, usually a number of remedies carefully dine during pregnancy on account of osteomyelitis. The boy chosen in this way can frequently restore health when there are was given Pethidine 30c and his ability to study shot up.16 no insuperable pathological barriers. Foubister quoted a case by Charles C. Bowes in which a Quite often the psychosomatically selected remedy can potency of the chemical responsible for the illness was suc- cover outstanding episodes in the past, for example Natrum cessful in curing: muriaticum when the patient has had concussion, but some- times it seems that it is necessary directly to antidote some past A child of four years falling into short spells of uncon- event which greatly disturbed the patient’s health. The patient’s sciousness, unable to control the flow of urine day or night, was past history and the family history are similarly viewed against absolutely cured by a dose of Terebinthinum 1M. The history the background of a theoretical average family and personal of the case was that the child had drunk a lot of turpentine history and outstanding features or events are noted. when eighteen months old and had gone from bad to worse ever since. She never had a fit after that dose and gradually but Then, if psychosomatic prescribing fails to produce sat- isfactory results, the past history may lead to an appropriate remedy for that individual, or it may be advisable to prescribe The tautopathic method was used long before the 1950s on the family or individual history when there are no clear when Everitt coined the term. The method of using a higher symptomatic indications for any one remedy right from the potency to antidote the same drug in a lower potency is really Foubister was of the opinion that while “as a rule constitu- An interesting and little-understood phase of antidotal re- tional treatment can deal with the after-effects of drugs once the lationship is the power of a higher potency to modify the action drug has been excreted” there are many circumstances where of the same drug in a lower potency.18 the administration of unproved potentized medicines is justi- fied when selected on the basis of events found in the patient’s The practice of “antidoting” the effects of drugs and ho- meopathic remedies has been an important part of the skills of every homeopath since Hahnemann’s time.
t h e american homeopath n 2011 19
ing; or when typing, one had to wait for normal vision… etc… At last it dawned!perhaps aluminium symptoms? – and It is often as important to be able to arrest a medicinal Materia Medica answered, “Yes”soon confirmed by the fact action as it is to start it. A prescriber who cannot antidote a that, the radiators savagely smashed, the trouble rapidly disap- drug effect is like the driver of a motor who cannot put on the peared. And when a once-time nurse came to ask help because she was becoming paralysed, the symptoms she detailed were with curious exactitude those one had spotted as symptoms of Most remedies under our materia medica list several oth- aluminium emanations. Was she using one of those radiators? er remedies and various crude substances such as vegetable Well, the housemaid where she was nursing had been leaving acids, camphor, coffee, salt, etc., that could antidote its ef- one of these radiators on in her bedroom all day during this fects along with other remedies and crude substances that they themselves could antidote. The practice of antidoting the crude substances with a potency of a substance in case of …And so the poor soul departed reprieved and happy. poisoning or a sensitivity reaction was common knowledge, One yearns to say to many one meets, walking warily with the help of an umbrella, “Pardon me, but have you got one of Apparently, as usual, the crude poison is antidoted by its those splendid aluminium radiators?”25 How lucky some are whose constitution is strong enough So wrote Margaret Tyler. Tyler treated the effects of alu- to throw off adverse effect. Others are not so lucky. I have North America will confirm how relevant her comments on stance in the patient’s environment has caused a disorder.
the harm from aluminum pots are today. A large number of cooking utensils are still being made out of aluminum.
J. Compton Burnett, in a pamphlet on the interfering effects of anesthesia, related how he found that anesthetized Even timelier are her comments on the adverse health patients who had been drugged with ether did not respond effects people sensitive to “emanations of aluminum-plated properly to homeopathic treatment. Not until he tried anti- radiators” experience, not so much because of the prevalence doting the effects of ether in potency did the indicated remedy of these appliances today, but because the number of people act. I read his pamphlet decades ago and believe it is still in my with sensitivities to multiple chemicals, including out-gassing possession, however, I am unable to locate it for a citation.
from common household appliances and products, has now reached epidemic proportions.23 Her insight into these sensi- One could argue that Burnett could have used vinegar, tivities reflects an understanding of Hahnemann’s comments the antidote listed under ether, but while vinegar is the proper on dose and susceptibility during proving,24 and a grasp of antidote to the primary action of the drug which lasts perhaps the plight of victims susceptible to various modern artificial a few hours, the potency of ether was considered the best anti- dote to the secondary action which could remain for weeks in Effects of Sensitivities to Aluminium Emanations
In Burnett’s time, most classically trained homeopaths Practical, anyway, this radiator!light, bright, and gave knew how to antidote a poisoning. While all medicine rec- out unusual heat. …Yet, after a bit the room did not feel good; ognizes the primary action of a poison, only homeopathy dis- one was glad to turn it off. Why? Aluminium pots were taboo; tinguishes between an antidote for the primary and the sec- but the aluminium or aluminium plated radiator was not ondary action of the toxin. A potency of the poison was often suspect. Next what was happening? A curious vertigo; one eye used to antidote its secondary action.
suddenly went out of focus, and one had to halt, at risk of fall- 20 the american homeopath n 2011
For more information on this distinction, I would like to It would be well to have as an alternative preparation, refer to Hahnemann’s extensive explanations of the bi-phasal Hydrophobinum pasteurianum, obtained from Pasteur’s vac- primary and secondary action of drugs in many aphorisms cine, to meet conditions similar to these.33 of the Organon.27 He had observed that the primary chemi- cal action was opposed by a secondary action initiated by the A common antidote to the smallpox vaccine was Vaccini- dynamic vital regulatory system, which frequently produced num. Homeopaths were well aware of the complaints some patients reported having ever since the inoculation. Thuja oc- cidentalis and Malandrinum were additional antidotes for the Samuel Lillienthal mentions the secondary antidotes in dyscrasia induced by the smallpox vaccination. Malandrinum and Vaccininum have been used to counteract the effects of the small pox vaccine. A tautopathic case of Vaccininum: For alkaline substances: 1) vinegar and water, in large quantities; 2) lemon-juice, or acids from other fruits, diluted Mrs. G. A. took one dose of DM (Swan), and a second with much water; 3) sour milk; 4) mucilaginous drinks, or in- dose on October 22nd. On October 29th, in morning, was jections. Vinegar is hurtful in cases of poisoning with barytes; taken with aching pains in back, worse in lumbar region, ex- but Epsom salt, dissolved in water, renders good service; after- tending round waist. Tired all over, with stretching, gaping wards: camphor or nitri spiritus dulcis. The secondary effects; feeling; unnatural fatigue. Full feeling in head, with running of poisoning with potash require Coffea or Carbo vegetabilis, at nose; severe headache in vertex. On morning of 29th and and those of poisoning with spirits of ammonia, Hepar sul- afternoon of 31st slight coldness, followed by fever; ditto be- tween five and six P. M., November 2nd. Her rheumatic pains in wrists and hands have gone since taking the medicine. Vac- A. Teste notes that the potentized drug antidotes the sec- cininum in potency also removed a chronic catarrh.34 Even serious conditions like cancer reportedly responded It is worthy of remark, that the dynamized coffee, as I can to the tautopathic method: affirm from long experience, prevents or neutralizes in many persons, the secondary effects of roast coffee. This would seem Miss R. 64. History: Vaccinated thrice in infancy; all confirmatory of the idiopathic method of treatment.29 failed. Right breast and cervical glands on both sides scirrhous. Marked general debility. Treatment unsuccessful for four years This distinction is important because when the poten- until above information elicited. Feb. 2. 1939. Thuja occi- tized drug is used to counter the crude drug, so long as the dentalis. Temporary relief of pain. April 4. Variolinum. NO patient is still under the influence of that drug, we can expect real benefit. May 29 and Aug. 13 Thuja occidentalis tried again. Very little help. Sept 18. Maland. Some improvement for one month only. Nov. 13. Vaccininum 200c (1), 1M. (1), Guernsey once proposed to antidote the effects of mercu- 10M. (1), four-hourly. First month pain and nausea slightly ry with a high potency of Mercurius solubilis “if all symptoms decreased. Second month, intense aggravations, but patient agree,” a potentially dangerous endeavor, as experimental better in herself. Third month, general improvement first fort- evidence has shown. In many cases where this has been tried night. Then symptoms returning less severe. March 3, 1940. there were severe adverse reactions, and new symptoms devel- Repeated Vaccinin. 200 (1), 1M. (1) 10M. (1), 4-hourly. oped.30 This is likely related to the fact that the primary effects April 1. Aggravations less severe. On whole, better in herself. of mercury are still present, because physiological quantities Whether this patient has the vitality to maintain progress or of mercury remain in the tissues (see elsewhere in my writings and tutorials). Hahnemann antidoted mercury symptoms with crude doses of Hepar sulphuris calcareum.31 Clarke, in his Dictionary discusses the history and danger According to Jenner, the origin of cow-pox, is infection of Pasteur’s rabies vaccine and mentions that several cases had of the udders of cows by contact with grass on which a horse died after the vaccine. That these complications were real is infected with “Grease” has trodden. This assertion is to some confirmed as late as the 1967 Merck Manual, which cites that extent confirmed by the experience of homeopaths, who have in as many as one in 2000 inoculations, the patient dies from found in Malandrinum a very effectual protection against in- a serious adverse reaction causing a syndrome reminiscent of fection with small-pox and against vaccination. Straube made and sometimes indistinguishable from rabies.32 Clarke pro- provings of the 30th potency (H. R., xv. 145; H. W., xxxv. posed the use of a pharmacode made from the Pasteur rabies 504). It has been used on inferential grounds with great suc- vaccine to counteract the effects of the vaccine in cases of seri- cess in ill effects of vaccination (I have cured with it cases of ous neurological complications from the vaccine: unhealthy, dry, rough skin remaining for years after vaccina- t h e american homeopath n 2011 21
tion); in small-pox, measles, and impetigo. Burnett has cured bring my stethoscope. Her eyes were fixed, the lids slightly open, with it a case of knock-knee in a child who was constantly and her features had the expression of death. But the thought of death was not in my mind in spite of the evidence. Reportedly some of the most brilliant homeopathic cures I drew down her lower lip and shook a few pellets of Ar- were tautopathic cures. Stuart Close describes two remark- senicum album 45M (Fincke) upon the exposed mucous mem- brane and rubbed her lips against the gum. Then, following a peculiar, but impelling impulse, I seated myself on the edge of Case No. 1. A case of uremic coma, gangrene,
the bed, placed my hands upon her head, and called her loud- and apparent death
ly by name. Addressing the insensible form, I said positively, A woman, age 45, previously healthy, had been ill for over “You are not going to die. You must come back.” I moved her two months — an illness of which I have never been able to form a very clear idea according to accepted pathological stan- dards — partly because I could never get a clear or satisfactory previous history owing to the ignorance or inattention of the people concerned. Perhaps I was not as scrupulous in my inves- tigation of the history of cases in the early days of my practice, when this case presented, as I subsequently became, and am now. And, besides, the interest of this case for me has never consisted so much in its pathology as in its psychology. Roughly outlined, the case began as an eczema, affecting principally the lower extremities. In the beginning of treat- ment by her allopathic family physician, she did not appear head slightly from side to side, to loosen the rigidity of the neck to be seriously ill; but as treatment progressed she became more muscles. Placing my thumbs on her upper eyelids, and push- and more ill and weak, and finally was confined to her bed. ing them upward so as to fully open her eyes, I bent down close From this time on there was a steady decline of weight and to her, looking directly into the eyes, and addressed her again strength, of loss of interest in life, and of hope, until she became with reassuring words. I said, “I am going to help you move. apathetic, and finally comatose. Urinary secretion had become You must try with me.” Several times I opened and closed her more and more scanty until it ceased, and uremic coma came eyelids, and rotated her head. Then I said, “Now open your on. The treatment had been mostly topicalconsisting of the eyes.” There was a moment of hesitation, then the lids trembled application of various ointments and lotions for the eczema- and slowly opened. “Now close them.” She obeyed, and repeat- tous areas, and, as I learned afterward, of the free use of Arse- ed the act twice at my command. Then I proceeded to move her nic internally. In consequence the eczema had been suppressed, stiffened arms and legs — flexing and extending them several and the systemic symptoms developed. times, and gently manipulating them. Next I moved her body, turning her from her back to one side and then the other, shift- For two days prior to my being called, she had been pro- ing her position in bed. During this time I was speaking to her nounced to be dying. On the day I was called the physician occasionally in encouraging tones. After thus loosening up the had called early in the morning and said that the end was rigid muscles, I resorted for a few moments to very gentle artifi- very near. About noon he called again, and found her so near- cial respiration, directing her at the same time to try to breathe ly dead that he said she could not possibly live more than an herself. After about ten or fifteen minutes of this work (I had hour, and that he would not call again. very little sense of time) she was breathing regularly, color was coming back into her face and lips, and her hands were be- At this juncture I was appealed to by her daughter, who coming warm. Presently she opened her eyes and looked at me had been a patient of mine, to come and see if I could do any- as I bent over her, and whispered to me, “I’m coming back.” thing. I arrived about one o’clock in the afternoon. As I entered the room, I saw her lying on the bed surrounded by weeping In ten minutes more she was talking to me in an audible relatives. Someone said: “It’s too late, doctor, she’s gone.” voice, asking me questions about herself and what had hap- pened. I had continued gentle rubbing and massage of the At first glance it looked that way, but something impelled extremities, under the bedclothes, but in order to act more me to go to her and make an effort to save her. Paying no atten- efficiently, I now uncovered her feet, and to my amazement tion to the relatives, I made a rapid examination. Her limbs saw that the toes and plantar surface of the metatarsal region were cold and rigid, but the body was still warm. There was no of both feet were gangrenous. Then I felt sure she had been radial pulse, and no visible respiration. With the unaided ear dead! Here was local death, at any rate, plainly visible. But I could detect no heart-beat, but in my haste I had forgotten to my patient was now plainly alive, and very much interested in 22 the american homeopath n 2011
what was going on. I had difficulty in keeping her quiet, and was confirmed by the sound, as soon as the acute symptoms preventing her from talking. I directed that she be kept quiet, had subsided sufficiently under treatment, to permit its use. and that some warm broth be prepared and given to her, that Rectal exploration did not reveal any extensive enlargement of warmth be applied to the feet and legs; and that Arsenicum the prostate. Operation was advised and accepted, and patient album 200c in solution be given at intervals of two hours, was removed to the hospital as soon as he was deemed strong enough. The supra-pubic operation was performed by Dr. John Hubley Schall and myself. A large, rather friable stone, In the evening I called again, and found her in a high of phosphatic composition, was found, partly embedded in the fever, with flushed face, sparkling eyes, active delirium, rec- tissue surrounding the neck of the bladder, which was greatly ognizing no one, but talking continually in an excited man- thickened and indurated. Several small papillomatous growths ner, and very restless. Reaction had come on with a vengeance, were also found in the bladder. The stone, and the largest of the but the symptoms spelled Belladonna, and salvation. For eight growths near the neck of the bladder were removed. The pa- days the fever and delirium continued, but the urinary func- tient bore the operation well, and everything went well until tion was re-established, and a diarrhoea came on. The circula- the third day after the operation when the secretion of urine tion became active, the gangrenous areas on the feet sloughed suddenly ceased, paresis of the intestines came on, the abdo- out, healthy granulations appeared, and healing progressed men rapidly inflated, and the patient went into collapse. rapidly. On the ninth day the delirium left her. Her first intel- ligent words were a request that I be sent for at once. She had While awaiting for my arrival the nurse, on her own re- something to tell me which she would not reveal to her family. sponsibility, administered a copious hot saline enema and ap- On my arrival she asked me how long she had been sick, and plied heat to the extremities. I found him in extremis; death- then said that she had sent for me to tell me her experience like pallor and expression, pulseless, extremities cold, abdomen “while she was dead.” It was all clear in her mind now, and enormously distended and tympanitic, almost unconscious. she wanted to tell me before she forgot it. I was unable to account for the sudden collapse, and there She said that after lying for several days unconscious of her was nothing in the symptoms absolutely characteristic of any surroundings, but “alive in her mind” her father and mother one remedy. The ordinary collapse remedies, Camphora, Ar- (who had been dead many years) came for her to take her away senicum album, Veratrum album, and Carbo vegetabilis ran with them. She had left her body and was just about to leave through my mind, but I was unable to decide which, if any, was the room with them when she heard me call her to come back. needed. I dared not make a random selection. A mistake would She felt that she could not disobey me, and regretfully left her be fatal. I vainly questioned the nurse for more symptoms, until father and mother and came back. The next she remembered I bethought me of asking her, “What had the enema brought was opening her eyes and seeing me, and talking to me. Then away from the bowels?” Her answer was illuminating. “The all became blank again, and she had no sense of time or sur- water, with a lot of ragged shreds and strings of white mucous.” That completed the picture. Persons poisoned by Colchicum That was her story. She made an uneventful recovery, have presented identical symptoms. Colchicum 200c, in solu- gradually regaining her strength until she finally resumed her tion, every five minutes, brought about a reaction in about ordinary round of life. She is alive today, a strong, healthy fifteen minutes; circulation was restored, flatus passed freely, woman. That was over twenty years ago. I meet her occasion- consciousness returned, urine began to flow again, and the pa- ally, and she never fails to remind me of “the time when she tient made a rapid and perfect recovery. I was glad that the nurse had given that enema, and noted what came away.38 Was it a case of poisoning by Arsenic and other drugs? 37 Another remarkable cure with tautopathy by Chaffee: Case No. 2. Collapse after operation
I found him bleeding from the bitten finger, and from A man, 66 years of age, naval constructor, had suffered eyes, nose, ears, mouth, rectum and urethra; pulse 110, small, several years from what had been diagnosed and treated by wiry; respiration 40; temperature 105; haggard expression; a homoeopathic physician as cystitis with enlarged prostate. whole body bathed in hot perspiration; delirium. He came under my care during an acute exacerbation of his trouble, brought on by taking cold from getting wet. He was This patient had had the regular routine treatment of much weakened by his long chronic illness, and was in a grave whisky, quinine and carbonate ammonia for ninety-six hours, condition when I first saw him. Urine could only be voided by when the attendants withdrew and pronounced the case be- catheterization. Urinary analysis and microscopical examina- yond the reach of medical aid. A marked characteristic symp- tion of the urinary sediment, taken in connection with the tom was a mouldy smell of breath, with scarlet red tongue, and symptoms, suggested the existence of a vesical calculus. This difficult swallowing. Great sensitiveness of skin of right half of t h e american homeopath n 2011 23
body, so much so that the slightest touch would produce twitch- of the individual differences in sensitivity and susceptibility, ing of muscles of that side. I prescribed Crotalus horridus, 30th that “all persons were not affected by a medicine in an equally trituration, 30 gr. in four ounces of water, a teaspoonful every great degree” during proving.41 hour, until my return visit, twenty-four hours later, when I Hahnemann had described “idiosyncrasies” that predis- posed some to have serious hypersensitivity reactions to foods Temperature normal; pulse full, soft and regular; delir- and plants even without exhibiting any other chronic illness: ium gone; saliva and urine slightly tinged with blood; appe- tite returning, he having asked for food for the first time since Some persons are apt to faint from smell of roses and to fall the accident. The medicine was continued for two more days, into many other morbid and sometimes dangerous states from when recovery was practically complete. 39 partaking of mussels, crabs, and fish roe, or from touching the leaves of some kinds of sumach. 42 x-rays and radiation therapy Some of the most brilliant susceptibility to drugs varied for ten years before he published his pamphlet, records that doses of quinine.43 as a result of former X-ray and Radium-ray experiments one prover’s hands had, when the proving commenced, eczematous While Hahnemann did not describe a treatment other eruptions, cracks, scaly excrescences, and wart-like outcrop- than homeopathic for these, homeopaths experimented with pings. After his proving with 6x these gradually disappeared. the tautopathic method by giving the allergen in potentized This is confirmed by a case reported to me by Mr. E. S. Pier- form, often with success. Dewey reports about homeopaths in the 1870s who treated food allergies with the potentized foods themselves, having results in both treatment and pre- A girl employed in the X-ray Department of the hospital vention, or many apparent cures of the specific sensitivity: with which he is connected developed dermatitis of the right hand and fingers. An ointment was prescribed without ben- Dr. Samuel Swan, and Dr. Thomas Wildes of New York efit, and cracks appeared on the skin. Two doses of Radium and Dr. P. P. Wells of Brooklyn and many others in the latter bromatum 30c were given, on Mr. Pierrepont’s suggestion, one “seventies” reported many cases of supersensitiveness to various in the morning and one in the evening. The following day foods, among which was a case where common garden celery the patient came out in a rash, which the matron mistook for when eaten produced itching, changing locality frequently and measles, eyes watering, fingers very sore, and she felt very ill. By other disagreeable symptoms. Apium graveolens (Celery) in a the following day the rash had disappeared and she felt well. high potency removed the condition and permitted the patient The fingers were now better, and they got quite well, except to ever afterwards eat celery with no untoward effects. that a sore feeling was left after washing. People exist who cannot eat strawberries. These susceptible A noticeable feature of both Dieffenbach’s proving and individuals suffer from urticarial rashes, sometimes difficulty mine was the disappearance of small naevi, which is signifi- in breathing as if a weight were on the chest. Potentized Fra- cant, seeing that the rays are used for the destruction of naevi. garia vesica relieved at once. This was first advocated perhaps Among the most successful local uses of Radium may be men- by Dr. W. P. Wesselhoeft of Boston and amply verified by Drs. tioned cases of lupus, epithelioma, carcinoma of the cervix Swan, and Wells. The writer used it successfully in a case hav- uteri, and urethral carbuncle. That radium, like x-rays, can ing similar symptoms whenever strawberries, of which she was cause as well as cure cancer is on record. most fond, were eaten. Fragaria vesica in a high potency not only removed the condition, but so completely that the patient I have quoted a case (H. W., August 1923) in a practitio- was ever after able to eat strawberries without symptoms for ner who contracted squamous-celled carcinoma from a careless the remainder of her life, which ended some 30 years subse- handling of Radium tubes. Cases of cure of skin cases with Radium in potencies are numerous. 40 There are numerous cases of over susceptibility to Apis poi- Dewey reports on the use of the tautopathic method for soning which is remedied by taking Apis mellifica in mini- the treatment of allergies. He cites Hahnemann’s awareness mum doses. Bee keepers and those who handle bees are ren- 24 the american homeopath n 2011
dered immune, and do not mind or suffer from bee stings, nor these agents have been proven, it will become evident that the do they produce swellings or edema when the person is thus action of all isopathic treatment is simply homeopathic: A study of epidemic remedies which physicians have often Apparently some patients recovered permanently from reported will be explained along similar paths, also constitu- tautopathic treatment alone, and no additional treatment tional remedies, and it will be found that SIMILIA SIMILI- such as constitutional treatment is mentioned.
BUS CURANTUR is the law of all curative medicine. 47 Dewey also acknowledged the use of constitutional treat- He was of the opinion that held that isopathic (and tau- ment for allergies. He declared the action of the tautopathic topathic) treatment was homeopathy, so long as it was done medicine is simply homeopathic. He points out that many in potency – plain and simple. He quotes Swan: foods that can cause disease are in our material medica and have even been proven. I count 86 food remedies in Boericke Isopathy would give raw cucumbers to a person made sick by eating cucumbers and would make him worse. Homeopa- thy would give him Cucumis in a high potency and not only cure the patient but also enable him to eat cucumbers with no In 1867 Adolf Lippe had a case of chronic poisoning by cane sugar (in other words a super sensitiveness to this sub- This position avoided the controversy surrounding the stance). He removed it completely by Saccharum officinalis. tautopathic method. The real controversy was about the method of selection of the remedy, not the remedy’s action. This distinction was also made by J. Compton Burnett in his A case of Quininism cured by Cinchona sulphuricum in famous remark: high potency. (Organon Vol. iii p. 208.) I maintain that choosing the remedies according to the The susceptibility to parsley can be cured by Petroselinum totality of the symptoms is only one way of finding the right 30c, says Dr. James W. Ward, one of our best and most careful remedy; and, moreover, sometimes totally inadequate. You may find the right remedy once in a way according Asthma from eating scallops cured by Pectin (Pectens ja- to the old doctrine of signatures; and, even though so found, it cobaeus), which in a high potency cured permanently. acts homeopathically; the way of choosing is poor and crude, Asthma due to susceptibility to the proteid substance in eggs, cured by repeated doses of Egg White. (Boericke’s Materia You may find the right remedy by organ-testing after the manner of Paracelsus, and the remedy acts homeopathically I have personally cured many cases of hay fever due to the rag-weed by Ambrosia artemisiaefolia in potency. The phar- You may find the right remedy purely hypothetically, after maceutical houses of today are making much capital out of the the manner of Von Grauvogl and Schüssler, the mode of action pollen extracts of the various hay fever producing plants. remains the same, i.e., homeopathic. The hypersensitiveness to Rhus poisoning has been re- You may use dynamized salt — Natrum muriati- moved many times by the use of Rhus toxicodendron, and why cum — to cure marine cachexia, sea side neuralgia, sea-side it does not relieve in all cases is simply owing to a difference in headache, and the like, and still the action of the remedy is sensitiveness in different people and to the many varieties of Objections and Controversy
It has been clinically observed that allergic persons are less Many homeopaths frowned on the use of the isopathic susceptible to contagious and infectious diseases. (Ward.) 46 (tautopathic) method. Some objected to prescription on the basis of the patient’s history or a cause. This method was to Dewey did not see much of a difference between homeo- them a deviation from “homeopathic” selection on the basis pathic cures and isopathic cures, or isopathic treatment for of symptoms.
the prevention of infectious diseases, a subject he covers else- where in this book. Like many others, he felt that once all of Others uttered philosophical objections on the distinc- t h e american homeopath n 2011 25
Isopathy is not homeopathy; we must keep this distinction The gravest difficulties arose when Professors Pease and ever before us. Isopathy is identity; homoeopathy rests its whole Sawyer promulgated the use of high potencies of a drug to an- case on the similarity, and in the degree of its perfection we tidote possible effects of crude drugging in the patient’s history. The empirical and routine use of nosodes, mercury, cigarette smoke, and even semen to antidote possible “drug miasms” in- One can’t help but wonder why the identical should not voked the wrath of the profession. Accusing the college of teach- represent an increase in perfection over the mere similar, even ing ‘antidotalism’ and isopathy, a clandestine sub-committee, representing the simillimum, as Hahnemann had observed.51 including Drs. Copeland and James C. Wood, denied Dun- ham recognition by the AIH Intercollegiate Council.54 The controversy surrounding isopathy among homeo- pathic physicians was often directed at the use of potentized Apparently there is nothing new under the sun. The at- drugs to treat diseases, “by name” rather than by symptoms tacks against homeopaths who dared to use remedies on caus- or “homeopathic” indications. They considered this approach ative rather than homeopathic indications sometimes took on an allopathic approach. Many of these physicians had left the religious overtones and outright defamation: allopathic school in favor of the homeopathic one and viewed as traitors anyone in their midst who defected back to allopa- We have seen how the monstrous isopathic heresy for awhile seduced a number of the flighty minds amongst us, and more recently we have seen a crowd of respectable practitioners The opponents of tautopathy launched tirades against lending a willing ear to the vagaries of a lunatic horsetrain- those who looked into the isopathic innovations. Attacks were conducted ad hominem. They were naming names: Some of this explains why those practitioners who had Gross, whose homeopathic career has been distinguished experimented with tautopathy and who had good reason to by a marked propensity for novelty-hunting, seems to have be- defend their brilliant results were often very cautious, even come at once deeply enamored of the isopathic theory. apologetic, in presenting their views.
He says the simile is not exactly the right thing, and that Kent who opposed the method even tried to rationalize for some time he has been convinced that equalia equalibus the apparent success of the tautopathic method with the claim or the isopathic principle is the correct one, and that similia that if it worked it must have been the patient’s constitutional similibus or the homeopathic principle is only a makeshift or remedy: indifferent apology for the other.52 We have seen that Rhus cures the patient of his sensitive- Another verbal attack against a homeopathic colleague, ness to Rhus as well long after as before he was poisoned by it. the well-known veterinary Professor Wilhelm Lux: This is not Isopathy, as it was not Rhus that was cured, but the patient, and it was simply pointed out to the intelligent physi- On the appearance of this book of master Lux’s, Dr. Her- cian by the accidental poisoning wherein Rhus was pointed ing, the original suggester of the heresy, wrote a counterblast to as one of the medicines that he is sensitive to; it being fully against poor Lux, and contended that in all these remedial understood that the patient is always highly sensitive to his means there was no question of a deviation from the homeo- needed medicine. This, therefore, is but a centering of a com- pathic principle; that this was still homeopathy and not isopa- plex of symptoms in a homeopathic problem.56 thy, and that the most that could be said was that the curative agent was a simillimum, but certainly not an equale or idem. For fear of being excommunicated by their peers, many He, like Hering, will not admit that the morbid product is an homeopaths during the classical era would shun isopathy, let idem but only a simillimum, and therefore the practice with alone admit to have used the method in their practice, with these remarkable medicaments is still homeopathy and not few exceptions.
Stuart Close clarifies his views in response to a rhetorical The very mention of the word isopathy incurred the attack on isopathy by Edmond Carlton: wrath of some homeopaths. Yet despite all the rhetoric, the only adverse effects the detractors of tautopathy could cite Dr. Carleton is mistaken in his premise. Hahnemann from the method were political storms resulting among vari- does not condemn the use of Psorinum, nor of any other drug, ous homeopathic organizations and especially for individu- from any source whatever, so long as its selection is based upon als seeking recognition by the prestigious AIH Intercollegiate the Law of Similars, and it is given in potentiated form. He declares, in the paragraph quoted, that the Psorinum is not used on the isopathic principle, but because it is the similli- 26 the american homeopath n 2011
mum. The action is based upon the homeopathic principle. my practice I have found remedies like Phosphorus, Radium When we recognize a group of symptoms as portraying and bromatum and X-ray in potency, more frequently indicated calling for the use of Arsenicum album, it is our duty to give and very helpful in clearing the cases and paving the way for Arsenicum album in potentiated form. It makes no difference complimentary remedies that may be needed to complete the whether arsenic in crude form has been given or not. But it cure. It seems that rad iation influences are already at work.59 may help us to a quicker solution of the problem to ascertain that as a matter of fact crude arsenic has been given.57 The problems of radiation, poisoned food and water, air pollution, car exhaust, hazardous waste, and universal drug- The paragraph in question in the above remark is, of ging have gotten exponentially worse since Grimmer wrote course, the one we cited above from Hahnemann’s Chronic these paragraphs.
Diseases. It has been cited in support of tautopathy (isopa- thy) for more than a century. According to Hahnemann, the Despite predictions that tautopathy would be a passing stance (Psorinum) when taken is no more an idem (same) with the crude original itch substance, but only a simillimum (thing Surprisingly, only very trivial symptoms were produced by most similar). For between idem and simillimum there is no the provers, even after making a renewed attempt by taking intermediate for any one that can think; or in other words be- a fresh preparation. To rule out the possibility of a defective tween idem and simile only simillimum can be intermediate. preparation and to reconfirm that the symptoms, produced by Isopathic and aequale are equivocal expressions, which if they two of the victims, were definitely due to Parthenium, it was should signify anything reliable can only signify simillimum, given in 6x and 30x to two of the victims on an isopathic basis. because they are not idem (tauton, as it is termed.)58 It was then observed that the symptoms of the victims started disappearing. Under the circumstances it was concluded that With the onset of industrialization that brought a mas- this particular drug was not producing more symptoms when sive increase in exposure to allopathic drugs, environmental taken orally, but was producing symptoms when an individual poisons, radiation and other irritants, the need for the tauto- came in contact with the pollen and when the respiratory tract pathic methodology of antidoting these artificially induced was affected by inhaling the pollen. When grading the symp- disorders became increasingly apparent to homeopaths. toms, this particular phenomenon was kept in mind.60 It was not the purpose of this paper to examine in detail Many times unhappy and disappointing results follow a the reasons for the peculiar objections to tautopathy. Among truly homeopathic prescription in these days of universal drug- the most persistent objection was the charge that tautopathy ging, processed and adulterated foods, poisoned water supplies was not homeopathic, that it was a deviation from homeopa- (chlorine, fluorine, etc.), polluted air (carbon dioxide and thy, in outright opposition to Hahnemann’s viewpoint that monoxide gases from automobile engines, poisonous and nox- the tautopathic potency was the simillimum.
ious wastes from manufacturing and chemical plants of all kinds, etc.), to say nothing of the latest menace to the inhabit- Yet even in the modern era, we still encounter the same, ants of the world from the atomic radiations that have already almost habitual rejection and a priori bias against the isopath- impregnated the atmosphere of the earth from the explosions ic/tautopathic method implied by the following discussion of of the atomic and hydrogen bombs set off by the United States a case of Agent Orange-induced lymphoma: Have you had experience using isopathy in cases like this, In a general way the things just mentioned are among or has anyone in the audience had a positive outcome with a the hindrances to the action of the homeopathic remedy and case like this, involving a clear poisoning (diagnosed as Agent are often difficult to control or antidote. In recent months in t h e american homeopath n 2011 27
It’s an approach I think a lot of people use when they’re up ning around 1990. In some conditions, especially in the against the wall, without a better approach. And sometimes it ever growing epidemic of environmental and food allergies, works. I’ve had some cases, involving the DPT vaccine for ex- anaphylactic reactions, acute and chronic poisoning, adverse ample. Others have used potentized penicillin, cortisone, and drug reactions and drug overdoses, insect stings, animal bites, so on. The idea of using potentized Agent Orange did come up chronic pharmacogenic disorders, radiation poisoning, radi- for me. But I’m very glad that I prescribed as I did. It’s not ab- ation-induced injury, electrical injuries, including lightning solutely certain that Agent Orange caused the lymphoma. But injury, chemical and electrosensitivity, drug and alcohol ad- the VA felt it was the causative agent. The man was massively diction and abuse, and to counter environmental syndromes exposed to it. He was cleaning out the vats every day and it was like microwave irradiation syndrome, tautopathy promises to be an important strategy alongside conventional homeo- It’s interesting that Ceanothus, which is a remedy that was introduced long before Agent Orange was even compounded, I have additionally observed that aggravations during worked so beautifully for this case. To me, it means that we constitutional treatment from past influence of medications don’t need to resort to isopathy in most cases. The remedies that and toxins can be removed safely and rapidly with the tauto- we have will work, even for these modern environmental tox- pathic pharmacode. These aggravations can also be avoided altogether with tautopathic pretreatment.
Why say, “resort to isopathy”? The evidence presented Modern scientific studies have been conducted on the over one hundred years of use shows remarkable cures. It also clinical results of tautopathy. It would undoubtedly be worth- shows that when tautopathy is used, the constitutional rem- while to review the existing research and evidence from the edies work better because it removes an obstacle to cure. The modern era of homeopathy on tautopathy, and examine if the obstacle in this case is the poisoning. The remedy most similar evidence corroborates the observations of the many homeo- to the poison is the simillimum to the case at that time — the pathic physicians and practitioners on the clinical efficacy of potentized poison. The evidence shows while the similis helps, the tautopathic method.
Manfred Mueller, RSHom(NA), CCH, is a professional homeo- The record shows that classical homeopaths used tautop- path in private practice. He maintains a busy phone practice athy successfully to remove syndromes produced by drugs, and active family life. He is the president of the North American chemical poisons, animal and plant poisons; allergic reac- Society of Homeopaths. He currently teaches advanced homeo- tions; and even proving symptoms caused by homeopathic pathic theory. His tutorials are available on CD. He can be remedies. Some homeopaths used the method to remove the reached at influence of drugs taken by the patient in the past, when this influence interfered with or prevented the use of regular con- stitutional treatment long after the drugs or poison had been Endnotes
Sankaran, Pichiah. The Elements of Homeopathy, Vol. 1 & 2, Homeopathic Medical Publishers, Bombay, 1996 The arguments against tautopathy were expressed with much rhetoric, but fell short on facts. Most seem to be mere 2 Dudley Wooton Everitt. Sue Young Histories, suey- repetitions of tired old clichés previously heard from others; some appear to be mere sophistry. Where original formal ar- 3 Yasgur J. Homeopathic Dictionary and Holistic Health guments were presented, they constituted a priori objections, Reference, 4th Edition, Van Hoy Publishers, 1990- without considering any evidence either against or in favor of any clinical merit of the tautopathic methodology. In all 4 Mueller M. Homeopathic Immunization and Prevention cases presented here and in many others reviewed but not pre- of Infectious Disease, 1995-2010, Ebook, TheHomeo- sented, not one single objection could be found that made mention or presented any evidence of failures or lack of posi- 5 The Compact Oxford Unabridged English Dictionary, tive results, or of any harm or negative effects, from the tauto- Clarendon Press, Oxford, England. 1992, 2014.
Hahnemann, CFS. Organon of Medicine, 6th edition, [German] Orginalmanuskript, Richard Haehl Herausg, The literature review found enough clinical evidence to Stuttgart, Germany. 1921, Aphorism 32-33.
consider tautopathy a serious potential adjunct treatment to 7 Patel R. What is Tautopathy? 6th edition, Hahnemann homeopathy. In fact, this is what I have found in my own Homoeopathic Pharmacy, reprint 1988.
practice with my own tautopathic experimentation begin- 8 28 the american homeopath n 2011
37 Close S. “Homeopathy in Terminal Conditions and Apparently Incurable Diseases: Is it sufficient?” Julian 11 Foubister DM. “The Significance of Past History in Ho- Winston archives: meopathic Prescribing,” British Homeopathic Journal. 39 Clarke JH. Dictionary of Practical Materia Medica, Cro- talus horridus, B. Jain Publishers, Reprint 1991.
41 Dewey WA. Practical Homeopathic Therapeutics, Boer- 42 Hahnemann CFS. Organon of Medicine, 6th edition 18 Langbridge RH. ABC Of Homeopathy: An Anthology of [German] Orginalmanuskript, Richard Haehl Herausg, Homeopathic Teaching, The Homoeopathic Publishing Stuttgart, Germany, 1921, Aphorisms 117:121:132.
43 Dewey WA. Practical Homeopathic Therapeutics, Boer- 19 Clarke JH. Clinical Repertory, B. Jain Publishers, 2003.
20 Tyler ML. Homeopathic Drug Pictures, B. Jain Publish- 44 Ibid.
45 Boericke W. Materia Medica with Repertory, Boericke & 21 Patel R. What is Tautopathy? 6th edition, Hahnemann Homoeopathic Pharmacy, reprint 1988.
46 Dewey WA. Practical Homeopathic Therapeutics, Boer- 22 Mueller M. Principles of Antidoting, Tutorial CD, www.
23 Mueller M. Perceiving Disorders of the Twenty-First Cen- 48 Ibid.
tury, Tutorial CD, 49 Burnett JC. Curability of Tumors by Medicines, Kessinger Publishing LLC, reprinted 2009, P. 15.
24 Hahnemann CFS. Organon of Medicine. 6th edition 50 Roberts, HA. Principles and the Art of Cure, B Jain Pub- [German] Orginalmanuskript, Richard Haehl Herausg, Stuttgart, Germany, 1921, Aphorism 117:121.
51 Hahnemann CFS. Chronic Diseases, B. Jain, New Delhi, 25 Tyler M.L., Homeopathic Drug Pictures, B. Jain Publish- 52 Dudgeon RE. Lecture on the Theory and Practice of Ho- 26 Mueller M. “The Cancer Diathesis,” The American Ho- meopathy, B. Jain Publishers, reprint 1981.
27 Hahnemann CFS. Organon of Medicine, 6th edition 54 Kent JT. The Dunham Lectures, Van Hoy Publishing, [German] Orginalmanuskript, Richard Haehl Herausg, Stuttgart, Germany, 1921, Aphorisms 59:65:69 et al.
55 Dudgeon RE. Lecture on the Theory and Practice of Ho- 28 Lilienthal S. Homeopathic Therapeutics. B. Jain Publish- meopathy, B. Jain Publishers, reprint 1981.
56 Kent JT Lesser Writings, “The Healing Principle,” B. 29 Teste Alphonse, The Homeopathic Materia Medica, Rademacher & Sheek, Philadelphia, 1854.
57 Close S. Hahnemannian Advocate, “What is the Law of 30 Mueller M. Treating Modern Mercurialism, Tutorial Cure,” 1896, Vol. 35, Chicago, P. 10.
CD,, 2008.
58 Hahnemann CFS. Chronic Diseases, B. Jain, New Delhi, 31 Mueller M. Chronic Mercury Toxicity, Tutorial CD,, 2010.
59 Grimmer AH. Collected Works, edited Currim, A., Hah- 32 Mueller M. Homeopathic Immunizations and Prevention nemann International Institute for Homeopathic Doc- of Infectious Diseases, 1995-2010, Ebook, www.TheHo- 60 Vermuelen F. Synoptic Materia Medica, Ch. Partheni- 33 Clarke JH. Dictionary of Practical Materia Medica, Hy- drophobinum, B. Jain Publishers, reprint 1991.
61 Sommermann E. Proceedings of the 1992 Professional 34 Unknown. The Homeopathic Physician, Vaccininum, Case Conference (IFH), “Agent Orange-induced Lym- 1887 October 19, 7:5. Unknown. The Homeopathic phoma,” The Homeopath, Volume 13, Number 2. Physician, Vaccininum,1887, October 19, 7:5.
35 Gordon C. Homeopathic Recorder, Xenembole, 1940, 36 Clarke JH. Dictionary of Practical Materia Medica, Ma- landrinum, B. Jain Publishers, reprint 1991.
t h e american homeopath n 2011 29


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