Hiv/aids statistics

HIV/AIDS Statistics
United Kingdom:
Around 86,500 people were living witht the end of 2009, of whom a quarter were unaware of their infection. In 2010, there were 6,136 new diagnosesontributing to a cumulative total of 114,766 cases reported by the end of December 2010. As of December 2010, there have been 26,791 diagnosesn the UK, and 19,912 people diagnosed with HIV have died.
Between 1990 and 1997 there were between 2,000 and 2,700 HIV diagnoses reported annuallyrom 1999 there was a steep increase in the number of annual HIV diagnoses, peaking in 2005 at 7,982. There was a slight decline in subsequent years, but the number of new diagnoses today is still far higher than the pre-2003 rate.
The introductionn the mid-1990s has resulted in a steep decline in the number of AIDS cases and deaths reported each year. In 1997 around 750 people living with HIV died, compared to 1,723 two years earlier. Since 1998 the number of deaths among people living with HIV has remained more or less constant, averaging around 400 to 500 per year.
Further information available from Mother-to-child transmission of HIV
Surveillance of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (MTCT) relies on confidential voluntary
reports from paediatricians and obstetricians. By the end of December 2010, 1,943 children in
the UK had been diagnosed with HIV transmitted from mother to child. Of these, 994 were
diagnosed after having being infected abroad.
The number of mother-to-child HIV infections almost doubled from 56 in 1995 to 107 in
2006. However, due to the widespread usehese rates are still far lower than many other countries.
Figures from the Health Protection Agency indicate that the risk of transmission is less than
1% with the current care program. Without this the risk of transmission is about 35%.
Further information available from Health Protection Agency.
AFRICA-UGANDA as an example
Uganda is often held up as a model for Africa in the fight against HIV and AIDS. Strong
government leadership, broad-based partnerships and effective public education campaigns
all contributed to a decline in the number of people living witndn the 1990s.
Although there is a lot to learn from Uganda’s comprehensive and timely campaign against the AIDS epidemic, emphasising Uganda’s success story must not detract from the huge consequences that AIDS continues to have across the country. There are an estimated 1.2 million people living with HIV in Uganda, which includes 150,000 childreAn estimated 64,000 people died from AIDS in 2009 and 1.2 million children have been orphaned by Uganda's devastating epidemic.
The Ugandan Ministry of Health began offering a freeMTCT) service in a small number of antenatal clinics in January 2000. The trial PMTCT programme included counselling and rapid testing for all women attending antenatal clinics and treatment for both mother and child following a positive diagnosis. The results of the programme after two years were fairly positive, although there were large disparities in mother-to-child transmission rates in different areas, which were largely dependent on the number of staff at each facilityThe drugs Combivir plus single dose nevirapine were used for PMTCT in higher level facilities, while the lower level health facilities with fewer resources continued to use single dose nevirapine only.
According to the latest figures, 18 percent of new HIV infections in Uganda occurred through mother-to-child-transmission, although this figure may be higher as many births in Uganda take place outside healthcare facilitiesganda’s 2010 country progress report, PMTCT was placed high on the agenda with a target of halving mother-to-child transmission by 2012.
Further information is available from I have attached the pdf.


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